I don’t think there’s any need to feel like a philistine if you agree with the judgment of Cordelia and Charles in Brideshead Revisited—by Evelyn Waugh, another avant-garde [modernist] convert to the Catholic Church—that “Modern Art is all bosh.” The visual arts, especially, seemed in the modernist era to become infested with something like contempt for beauty, for the artist’s own skills, and for his audience.As Waugh insisted, real art is first and foremost the art of pleasing. It’s difficult to see why viewing the works of the Dadaists, for example—the copy of the Mona Lisa with a mustache painted on her upper lip, say, or the ordinary urinal set up in a museum as if it were a sculpture—is an aesthetic experience at all. These things attract attention for reasons that are very different from the qualities that draw people to earlier works of art, even ones as distant in time and different from one another as the Parthenon and the paintings of Monet.
Friday, July 19, 2013
Modern “Art” vs. Confederate Comic Books
Reading the Politically Incorrect Guides has been a journey of mixed pleasures and horrors for me. This series by the conservative, once-libertarian Regnery Publishing house tackles various controversial subjects either through a conservative or libertarian worldview. Some of the obviously conservative Guides often make me cringe from bad ideas, like the highly imperialist Guide to the British Empire or the militarist Guide to Islam (and the Crusades). Tom Woods’ libertarian Guide to American History is by far my favorite.
However, even the conservative volumes contain a treasure trove of gems of wisdom. Ronald Reagan, after all, said that the very essence of conservatism is libertarianism. Dr. Elizabeth Kantor’s Politically Incorrect Guide to English and American Literature is a new favorite which I hold in high esteem. Kantor adequately and rightly blasts leftist interpretations of English and American literary giants, like William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and Mark Twain. She destroys the modern, post-modern, and even Marxist literary theories plaguing academia. Writes Dr. Kantor:
I’m glad I read this book because I had come to an independent conclusion regarding William Shakespeare and some other authors of the later classical era. That is, quite, plainly, that they’re reading into themes that simply aren’t there. This holds especially true for Marxist theory, gender theory, and queer theory. I have nothing against Marxists, gender experimenters, the LGBT community, or the modernists and post-modernists at large (other than my opinion that their literary theories regarding Shakespeare et. all are rubbish).
For example, there’s a lot of queer theory surrounding the cross dressing in Shakespeare’s comedies, but I doubt Shakespeare was “making a statement.” Dr. Elliot Engel talks about the crude, coarse diction with which Shakespeare wrote. Though the highly antiquated form of "New English" sounds impressive and sophisticated to the modern ear, Shakespeare was actually writing for the understanding of the plebeians on the lower rungs of society. On top of his penitent for being crude and crass, he had an affinity for sex jokes, like “My wife is slippery” (Winter’s Tale, Act I, Scene 2). With dilemmas like the shepherdess Phebe falling in love with Rosalind (disguised as a man), it’s highly reasonable to affirm that Shakespeare was not contributing to gender theory and queer theory, but rather just making gay jokes.
While Charles Dickens and the Bronte sisters did indeed write about injustices occurring in English society, they weren’t blaming capitalism or white manhood or anything else the leftists like to form ridiculous theories on. Instead they were harshly criticizing people in positions of power and authority who were not living up to their responsibilities of being good heads of household, responsible for providing for and raising their children until they married off, or who were neglecting their duties as Christians to voluntarily help the less fortunate.
It purely annoys me, as it does Kantor, that leftists buy completely into theories that aren’t there in order to justify their counter-culture’s annihilation of mainstream culture and traditions. Personally, I’m a fan of Christianity, of the idea of a warrior’s honor, and of chivalry in a man’s courtship of a woman. I don’t deny that all men and women are created equal in the eyes of God and that. What many never take into account, however, is that there are major differences between the good and the bad. Christianity is not the same as Christendom—the forceful imposition of Christianity by the state—nor is an empire justified in waging unconstitutional war, but that doesn’t take away from the honor of a soldier who joins up so another won’t be drafted, and who lays down his life for his friends.
Even more importantly, the equality of men and women under the law doesn’t make chivalry a bad thing, especially not in the way a gentleman is supposed to treat women of all races and classes better than himself. Hell, if more men practiced chivalry and reintroduced it into our culture, there would be a lot less domestic violence. If the leftists want to live alternative lifestyles, let them—they’re adults! I just wish they didn’t feel the need to tear down culture and tradition to make room for their counter-culture.
It’s safe to say that, beyond these modernist and post-modernist schools of literary “thought,” modern art annoys me greatly. I see some of these works and most of them make absolutely no sense at all. There are many different ways one could interpret Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” or El Greco’s “Disrobing of Christ,” but how does one receive or interpret Yves Klein’s “Blue”? It’s just a shade of dark blue and nothing else! Furthermore, don’t even get me started on the vulgarity or the sheer emptiness behind “Piss Christ” (a photo of a crucifix submerged in urine)…
Much of modern “art” pales in comparison to many American comic books. One comic book that stands head-and-shoulders above malarkey like “Piss Christ” is the graphic novel Cleburne by Justin Murphy. This 200-page comic book tells the story of Patrick Cleburne, the Irish immigrant and Confederate General, in the final year of his life. This Confederate General could justly be considered one of the early civil rights activists in America, regardless of what color he wore during the War Between the States.
Cleburne knew by 1864 that his side was losing the war and badly needed manpower. Cleburne wasn’t blind to the fact that the millions of slaves in the South were a virtually untapped recruiting source that could turn the tide of the war. He openly and passionately lobbied the Confederate Congress to allow the enlistment of blacks in the Confederate Army, and the Congress fought him tooth-and-nail. Cleburne had seen black men fight on his side—some as armed bodyguards of Confederate officers and others as militiamen.
The most important thing about Cleburne’s world view was that he was in tune with the true purpose behind the Secessionist cause: freedom from an overly powerful central government. In stark contrast with the U.S. military, which offered freedom to slaves after a fixed term of wartime service, Cleburne’s plan was to grant freedom and citizenship to Southern slaves the moment they enlisted in the Confederate Army.
Cleburne was no pushover and his prodding pushed others to be completely honest. He forced other officers and civil servants out of their comfort zones when he asked the pressing question: Was this a war for white supremacy or a war of independence? If it was a war for white supremacy, then the cause was already lost, as the Union had already begun to enlist black men into the armed forces. If it was a war for independence, then the Southern nation was obligated to bring the black man to the battlefield and give him the chance to earn his freedom and his place of honor in service to his country.
The main theme of Cleburne is a deeply humanistic one that stresses the equality of men of all races and social classes. The fact that General Cleburne was simultaneously a civil rights activist and Confederate patriot gives his life story—and this graphic novel—a rich coat of seasoning to intrigue the reader all the more. Tragically, most of his contemporaries chose white supremacy over equality, even for the sake of national independence. None of that, however, changes the fact that Patrick Cleburne was a man ahead of his time.
Another of the graphic novel’s wonderful elements is the excellent artwork. By no means does the artwork resemble cheesy history comics or silver-age artwork as seen in the old Detective Comics by D.C., or the original Marvel Comics of the 1930s through 60s. The cover art of Cleburne, featuring the General standing with his hand on his saber in the light of the moon is breathtaking. The images of columns of rebel troops that show depth, complex color schemes, and intricate shading are works of art all in their own right. The many drawings of black men in rebel gray standing proud with their rifles in front of St. Andrew’s cross (the rebel battle flag) are inspiring and would make great posters to adorn walls.
When comparing modern “art” with pop art revolving around heroic historical figures, it quickly becomes all too clear which is supreme. The “artist” who conceived of “Piss Christ” intentionally stresses the ambiguity of his “work.” This is to say that there is no meaning for his work that he can come up with, other than that he did it purely for the shock value and to get attention! Compare that with the following quote displayed in the Cleburne graphic novel:
“It is said that slavery is all we are fighting for. Even if this were true, which we deny, it is not all our enemies are fighting for. It is merely the pretense to establish a more centralized form of government, and to deprive us of our rights and liberties.” —Major General Patrick R. Cleburne
Cleburne also presents the tragedy of the General’s time: slavery, white supremacy, and civil war. These are themes Shakespeare touches upon in masterpieces like Julius Caesar and Othello. It’s reasonable to say that Othello’s struggle for acceptance in spite of his race is no greater than the weighted decision of a black slave to earn his freedom—to have his God-given freedom recognized by a state which previously withheld it—by fighting for his new country.
So the contestants for content, poetic license, and artistry are as follows: a “modern art masterpiece” with no meaning or artistic value, created solely to insult Christianity, or a comic book about an immigrant war hero’s fight for black equality in a war of independence? I’ll take the latter.
Dr. Elizabeth Kantor could agree with me that Cleburne is not only rich and colorful history—it’s literature and it’s art. Even as one who considers himself an unyielding U.S. patriot, I have nothing but undying respect for General Patrick Cleburne and the Confederates of all colors for whose freedom he tirelessly campaigned. Art and literature embody ideas and values, and few works of art embody such a noble idea as this: whether it should be under the Stars and Stripes or the Stars and Bars, let freedom ring.
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Politically Incorrect Guide cover image courtesy of Barnes & Noble and is the property of Regnery Publishing. Cleburne cover image courtesy of Amazon and is the property of Rampart Press. Black Confederates artwork courtesy of CWmemory.com and is the property of Rampart Press. All three images are used in accordance with Fair Use Law.